Between 2004 and 2006, the prevalence of undernourishment was estimated at 20.3%. From 2015 to 2017, the statistics show 07.3%. However, Cameroon remains vulnerable in terms of food security. Regarding the impact of climatic factors on production, the country of Paul Biya belongs to the category (N = 46). For the sensitivity of its food security to severe droughts, Cameroon is in (N = 27).
Due to the impact of climatic factors on its food security in severe droughts, Cameroon is classified in (N = 16). Its heavy dependence on agriculture puts it in (N = 34). Climate variability and extremes along with conflict and violence are among the main factors responsible for undernutrition. FAO says they are the leading causes of serious food crises.
Climate variability and extremes threaten agricultural livelihoods and all dimensions of food security (availability-access-stability and utilization). They affect the other underlying causes of malnutrition in child care and nutrition, health services and environmental health. The risk of food insecurity and malnutrition is greater today.
Food insecurity refers to limited access to food at the individual or household level due to lack of financial or other resources. The severity of food insecurity is measured using the FIES survey module, a set of eight questions related to lack of access to food. The FIES method developed by FAO is a global standard for measuring food insecurity.
In 2015, Cameroon had a reversal point for PoU associated with severe droughts with an average of 20.05%. PoU is a complex aggregate that measures underfeeding at a country level. FAO's measurement of global food insecurity was first introduced in 2014. According to this organization, action must be taken quickly to free the world from hunger and malnutrition by 2030.