The cultivation of genetically modified cotton started in Cameroon in 2012. That year, the experience took shape in a greenhouse before expanding to the open in 2015. The activities are led by SODECOTON. The actors involved in this project must deliver their copy before the end of the current year. If the tests are conclusive, Bt cotton growing will experience unprecedented growth in Cameroon.
Bt cotton plants are cotton cultivars of the species gossypium hirsutum. They have been genetically modified by adding the gene conferring the ability to produce an insecticide. The term "Bt" refers to Bacillus thuringiensis whose gene encoding the insecticidal protein has been extracted. In 2010, the journal "Science" noted the harmful consequences of growing Bt cotton in China.
The cultivation over three million hectares of a Bt cotton plant, manipulated to produce an insecticide against a devastating butterfly, has led to the proliferation of the bug. Adelphoris lineolatus ravaged 26 million fruit and vegetable crops. 10 million peasants from Shandong and Hebei found themselves in a difficult situation. They used large amounts of pesticides to save the crops.
Burkina Faso was in 2003, the first country on the black continent launched the production of transgenic cotton. In 2016, the authorities invited farmers to stop producing this cotton and to reconnect with traditional seeds. Monsanto varieties produce shorter and lower quality fiber. This leads to the degradation of production and unsold in international markets.